Properly and gently clean the jacket at home
The most versatile thing in the wardrobe, like a man and a woman is a jacket. This type of clothing is combined not only with classic trousers and strict skirts, but also with many other things, so they wear it almost daily. In order to always look perfect, you have to monitor its cleanliness. When contamination appears, you can take it to dry cleaning, or you can do it yourself, the main thing is to determine the type of contamination and their location.
What are the pollution?
There are different types of pollution, which are located on various places of the jacket. They can be dry or wet cleaned, and can be washed without resorting to the services of a professional dry cleaner.
The simplest pollution with which it is easiest to cope is dust, small mote and hair, which are located on the entire surface of the jacket. Spots of various origins are localized in the area of the sleeves and shelves. But most often the most unsightly places are glossy collar, sleeves and pockets, so the most difficult to deal with them.
Regardless of the type of fabric, there are general rules of cleaning that must be followed to avoid the consequences of an incorrectly chosen method and procedure.
Firstly, need to carefully inspect the jacket for the presence of spots. On dark clothes, the white spot from the corrector can be seen with the naked eye. Putty, ink and other stains can be removed by selecting the appropriate method of cleaning, but first checking the effect of the agent on the most inconspicuous part of the fabric.
Filled collar, stiff sleeves in the area of cuffs and elbows, all kinds of rubbing are cleaned only after removing the stains, and only then relieve the jacket from the smell of sweat, localized in the armpits, using a suitable cleaning method. The final step is to clean the rest of the jacket. In order to remove small debris and hair from the surface of the fabric, use special brush, the choice of which depends on the type of material.
How to wash?
There are several popular ways with which you can put in order any jacket. Depending on the type of stain, different methods of cleaning are used.
Corrector is removed from the surface with alcohol or solvent. Dishwashing liquid works great with oil stains. Spots left from fruit juices are removed with shampoo and water. Small specks of coffee or tea origin are scrubbed with ammonia.
After removing all types of stains, you can proceed to the most problematic places: collar, lapels, pockets and sleeves. To clean these areas you can use several methods that use a variety of combinations of simple and, most importantly, available tools.
Excellent cleansing effect ammonia and salt solution. For its preparation you will need a container in which you need to mix 1 tsp. salt and 6 tbsp. l ammonia. This mixture must be treated area of the collar.
Ammonia can be used in combination with water. To prepare the cleaning solution, mix 3 parts of water and 1 part of ammonia. The resulting solution wipe the area on the collar until the complete disappearance of contamination. After that, it is necessary to wet a small piece of fabric in water and gently wash off the remnants of the solution, and hang out the jacket to ventilate and dry.
Remove dirt from the collar using cooked soap solution. To do this, you need to make up the laundry soap in small chips or use liquid soap substance in the amount of 3 tbsp. l, which is dissolved in half a liter of water. The resulting solution is processed surface of the collar without excessive soaking.
Alternatively you can use regular vodkain which a piece of cloth or a cotton pad is wetted. After this treatment, you need to take a small piece of wet gauze and, putting it under the front of the collar, iron it from the wrong side until the gauze is completely dry.
A good way is to treat greasy areas with raw potato tuber. To do this, you need to cut the washed potato into 2 parts and rub the greasy collar with the cut. After this treatment, it is necessary to wipe the traces of potatoes with a clean cloth.
To tidy the area of the elbows and cuffs, you can use not only the methods mentioned above, but also apply other means.
The solution prepared has a good effect. from 1 part vinegar and 1 part water. But you can use one vinegar. For this you need to heat it in a water bath to 30-40 C.
The solution prepared from water, ammonia and 96% medical alcohol. Add 200 ml of water, 1 tsp of ammonia and 1 tsp of alcohol to the container, mix the solution and process it.
To get rid of the jacket from the unpleasant smell of sweat in the armpits, you can use several methods, for example, apply a solution of vodka and ammonia in a ratio of 1: 1 to the problem area. Mix ammonia with water and alcohol. For 4 parts of water for the solution you need to take 1 part of alcohol and ammonia. Salt can be used instead of alcohol. Here the proportion is slightly different 1: 1: 1.
After removing stains and treating problem areas, you can proceed to a general cleaning. The light fabric on which the jacket is laid is laid on a flat surface. Use a suitable brush or roller to clean the surface of the product from various particles, shake it and spread it again on the prepared surface. We are preparing a soap solution and using a brush dipped in it, carefully treat the entire surface of the jacket. After that, you need to walk on the surface with a sponge dipped in clean water and dry the very wet parts with a towel. We hang out a jacket to dry in a well-ventilated place.
In the washing machine
Machine wash is the easiest and fastest way to tidy up a jacket at home. Machine wash, as a rule, is used for products without adhesive bases.
Before washing, you must carefully inspect the product for the presence of things in your pockets and, if possible, treat difficult to clean the stains and armpits of the jacket by the above methods. And only after that load the jacket in the wash.
As a rule, for these products is selected delicate wash mode. The water temperature should not exceed 30-40 C. Do not use washing powder, it is better to opt for a liquid product designed for this type of fabric. The number of revolutions for spinning should be minimized, and for some products it is better to completely disable this feature.
After washing the wet jacket is smoothed with a warm iron and hung out for further drying on the hangers in a well-ventilated room.
Different types of fabric
Jackets are made of various types of fabric, so before washing in the machine, you need to examine the tag, which indicates the composition and recommendations for care. It is worth considering that Not every jacket can be washed in a typewriter. There are products that absolutely can not be subjected to any washing.
As a rule, there is a special label on the lining on which the manufacturer indicates the conditions for care.If a circle is drawn on the label, inside which there is a square, then you will have to do without washing and clean the jacket in another way.
These products include a suede jacket. Any type of washing is unacceptable for it, since this material can significantly decrease in size, and, moreover, it does not tolerate spin. For a suede jacket the best option would be to clean with a special brush with pre-treatment with steam.
Woolen jacket can be washed, but only manually and at water temperature not higher than 30 C.
Velveteen and velor jackets are made of fabric, which includes both cotton and synthetic fibers, which give particular strength to these materials. They can be washed in an automatic machine, if the information placed on the tag allows cleaning in this way. But the spin function is better to exclude.
We consider color
When washing both men's and women's suits, you must consider the color of the products.
If the jacket comes complete with pants or a skirt, then in order to avoid the formation of variety, you need to wash both things at the same time. In addition, the dark color is more than white prone to molting, especially if you do not follow the temperature mode when washing. On dark colors, stains may remain when using the powder, as it is poorly rinsed out of the fabric.
For the treatment of underarms before washing, light products use hydrogen peroxide, which is applied to a surface moistened with water.
If the machine washing method is not suitable for the jacket, then, as a rule, the manual method is chosen. You can manually wash the jacket not only in a special container, but also in the shower, hanging the product on the hangers. The detergent is selected according to the type of fabric but you can use soap.
Hand wash starts with a soak. First, a little warm water is poured into a suitable container, and then either special liquid or soap chips are added to it. Carefully immerse the jacket in the prepared solution and leave the thing in a soaked state for 2-3 hours.
Products made of delicate thin fabrics can not expose soaking.
After a time, you can proceed directly to the wash. This should be done carefully, trying not to damage the fabric. It is not necessary to strongly compress and rub the fabric, otherwise there may be creases and abrasions, and the thing will lose its presentable appearance.
After washing the jacket must be thoroughly rinsed. This can be done either under a shower, placing a jacket on the hangers, or in a very large amount of water. The water itself must be cool, otherwise the fabric from which the product is sewn may sit down and the jacket will lose its shape.
After thorough rinsing, you need to place the product on the coat hanger and allow it to drain, after straightening the lapels and the collar. It is not necessary to twist or wring the jacket, as there is a big risk to deform the product.
Dry cleaning method is suitable for products that can not be cleaned by a wet method, and even more so to erase. For cleaning you need to use a brush suitable for the material. Dry cleaning can be carried out as improvised means, and with the help of special kits.
To tidy up your jacket, you need to put it on a hanger and hang it in a well-lit place. Carefully inspect the entire surface for contamination, paying particular attention to problem areas, which include lapels, sleeves and a collar.
Greasy stain can be removed with talcum powder. It is sprinkled on the stain, and then swept with a brush. You can use gasoline.
Leather jacket first wipe with a dry cloth, thus removing dust, and then rub the surface with liquid soap. At the end of the treatment, a thin layer of petroleum jelly, glycerin or castor oil is applied. After the time expires, remove the excess with a soft cloth.
If you regularly take care of your jacket, observing some simple rules, you can do without complicated cleaning methods.
After each wear, you need to clean the surface of the product using an appropriate brush. Spots are always easier to remove if they are fresh, so after finding contaminated places, they should be removed immediately using a suitable method. Periodically you need to carry out wet cleaning using water or steam generator. Prolonged storage of the product at home can not be carried out correctly without a special cover.
For more tips on how to properly care for your costume, see the next video.