Rules for washing faded things
Sometimes it happens that the thing after washing acquires an unusual color for it or that colored spots from other products are formed on it. There may be several reasons. This includes non-observance of the washing conditions, and the accidental placement of things of different colors in the machine, and violation of the temperature regime, or simply poor-quality material. In any case, the question arises: what to do in this situation and how to deal with damaged fabric?
How to wash the white thing?
Divorces on white fabric most often appear as a result of the joint washing of colored and snow-white things. As a rule, the changes are visible as soon as you get the wet products out of the drum to dry.
It is best to remove the divorces while the thing is damp, since after drying it will be much more difficult.
There are several effective ways by which you can get rid of white stains at home. The main thing is to choose the most suitable option for a particular fabric.
The easiest and most effective way is to use bleach. Fortunately, today they are available in many different types. All bleaches are divided into oxygen and chlorine-containing species.
Bleach with chlorine is suitable for fabrics made from natural fibers. As a rule, these are cotton and linen types. Oxygenated products are softer, they are safer, especially with regard to fabrics consisting of mixed fibers, so it is better to wash white clothes from delicate materials using oxygen bleach.
- pour warm water into the basin and add the recommended amount of bleach;
- after complete dissolution of the agent in the liquid, put the spoiled item in the basin and leave it for 3-4 hours;
- it is necessary to stir the water periodically and turn the thing over for a better effect of the agent on the fabric;
- After this, the product must be rinsed and washed as usual.
This method is good for natural fabrics and is strictly prohibited for materials containing mixed fibers. In the bucket with 5 liters of water add the augmented household soap and 3 hl of baking soda, without forgetting to mix thoroughly. The spoiled item is placed in this solution and boiled. within 1-1.5 hours. After removed, rinsed and optionally treated with bleach.
Wash clothes from the "outsider" color, you can use potassium permanganate. To do this, you need to make a solution of crystals of potassium permanganate and water.
Add to the hot liquid potassium permanganate, so that it becomes slightly pinkish, then put chips there laundry soap. Washing powder can be used instead. Place the spoiled item in the prepared container and hold it for about 2-3 hours. The bucket of water should be covered with a lid.
There are several popular recipes with which you can achieve good results in removing stains and stains. For example, you can clear a thing by preparing a simple but effective mixture. To begin with, take 1 tablespoon of household soap and mix with 1/2 cup of table salt, add 1 tablespoon of starch and the same amount of citric acid to it. Mix the mixture with water until thick porridge.
The resulting tool is applied to the stains and leave to impact for 12 hours. Ammonia perfectly helps to cope with divorces on white things.For 3-4 liters of hot water, add 100 ml of ammonia and place the thing in the solution. The exposure time of the solution on the fabric - 2-3 hours.
For delicate fabrics you can use 3% hydrogen peroxide and baking soda. In a container with 2 liters of water, add 1 tablespoon of peroxide and a little soda, mix and put the heat on the fire. Heat the solution to 70 ° C, remove from the heat and put prepared things into the container. Soak clothing for 10 minutes, stirring constantly, then remove and rinse.
For white bed linen it is necessary to increase the dose of ingredients (according to the amount of water).
Monochromatic cotton or linen shirt in colored spots from other things will get its original snow-white look thanks to a simple recipe. You need to take 2 liters of warm water and add 1/2 cup of table alcohol to it. In the resulting solution it is necessary to soak the shirt with divorces for 50-60 minutes, and at the end of this time, thoroughly rinse the product.
Soak for delicate fabrics
Things made of fine delicate fabrics and wool require a special approach, so the following methods can be used to tidy up your favorite dress or sweater.
In a small amount of water dissolve several crystals of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) and pour the resulting solution into a prepared container with 5 liters of warm water. In the same container, add household soap shavings (30 g) and after thorough mixing, soak the faded objects. Keep them in a soaked state all night, and then rinse well.
Excellent with faded spots copes mustard powder. To do this, in a basin with warm water (3 l) add 2 tablespoons of mustard powder, stir and put the laundry. After soaking, you can wash the products as usual and rinse. From spots and stains should not remain a trace.
For woolen things (sweater, sweater, hat) the best option would be a piece of chalk. 3 l of warm water is poured into the prepared container and crushed chalk is added in the amount of 1 kg. In the resulting solution, soak a wool product for 1 night. In the morning, the item is rinsed in a large amount of running cold water.
Remedies for black and white things
Sometimes when washing things consisting of two colors, smudges form on a lighter area. Correct the situation and put in order a black and white dress or a two-color T-shirt simple recipes consisting of the available ingredients will help:
- warm green tea should be added to the container and the item should be placed there for 30 minutes;
- in 5 l of warm water, dissolve 10 g of powdered boric acid and soak the thing in the resulting solution.
If the resulting smudge is small, then you can use another recipe: a small amount of soda and then citric acid are carefully applied to the area with a divorce. To sustain this mixture should be about 30 minutes, and then rinse.
How to wash colored things?
It is possible to return the original brightness or remove stains from colored things using various methods. The most effective against the formed spots are special means - stain removers designed for colored laundry.
There is always a Color on their label.
To remove stains, it is necessary to dilute the chosen product in warm water in the proportion indicated on the package. The multi-colored thing is placed in the prepared solution for 30-40 minutes. After the time has elapsed, detergent intended for colored fabrics is added to the water, and the item is washed in the usual way, and then rinsed in a large amount of running water.
For the disappearance of stains, you can add stain remover directly on the spot. As a rule, powdered species are diluted in a small amount of water to a thick slurry state and in this form are distributed over the entire surface of the spot.
The amount of time during which it is necessary to keep the concentrate on the stain is indicated on the label of the selected agent.
To resuscitate the color of a faded fabric, you can use special color reducing agents. With their help, it is possible to return the brightness of faded and faded things. But there are others Ways to help get rid of such stains, for example:
- in the basin with hot water (5 l) add ammonia;
- soak the prepared things in this solution for 2-2.5 hours;
- When using this method, it is necessary to ensure the ventilation of the room, since the ammonia solution has a very pungent and sharp odor.
The easiest way to help get rid of stains is to re-wash things in a washing machine-automatic.
The maximum temperature for colored fabrics, as a rule, does not exceed 60C. The damaged item is placed in the washing machine, the maximum allowable temperature is set. The detergent is placed in the compartment or directly into the drum, and the allowable washing mode is activated.
If it was not possible to restore the color of things, then the only way left is staining. Using this method, you can pick up the shade as close as possible to the original tone, but it will be slightly darker than the previous color. Worth remembering that This method can only be used for things made from natural fibers. Fabrics in which a higher percentage belongs to the synthetic components cannot be dyed in the desired shade.
It is possible to paint a thing with the help of special paints sold in hardware stores. This process does not take much time, if you precisely follow the steps of painting.
First you need to dissolve the right amount of the ingredient in cold water, mix and put on the fire. Heating the resulting solution to 40 ° C, place the prepared clean product into it and incubate for about 30 minutes.
In order to paint evenly distributed over the entire surface, you need to constantly stir and turn the thing.
The painted product is rinsed with plenty of water. To fix the dye on the fabric, you can add a small amount of vinegar at the last rinse. The next 2-3 washings of the painted product are best carried out. apart from all thingseven similar in color.
If the above recommendations did not help to return the clothes to a presentable appearance, then it remains to give her dry cleaningwhere, thanks to modern equipment and a decent arsenal of special tools, the fabric will be put in order.
To prevent the appearance of spoiled things, it is necessary to observe a few simple rules:
- There must be strict sorting of linen. White and light linen should always be washed separately from the color. For each type of fabric, you must use special tools. What is suitable for cotton and linen fibers is not always used for fine, delicate materials.
- Before washing you should always examine the label on the product. There are recommendations for care. As a rule, the maximum washing temperature is indicated. Do not neglect this information by sending the item to a washing machine.
- Most experts recommend soaking a new product in water with the addition of salt or vinegar. Both that, and other substance promote fixing of dyes on fabric fibers, and it means that the risk to spoil as the thing if it is two-color, and other products which are washed together with it considerably decreases.
- Things from synthetic fabrics are more susceptible to shedding than products made from natural fibers.Synthetic materials are capable of shedding several washes in a row, so it is better to give preference to things made from natural fabrics or wash clothes from synthetics separately from other models to avoid staining.
How to carefully wash the product from the molting fabric, as well as how to remove such stains, you can see in the next video.